John Fitzgerald Kennedy, commonly known as JFK, was born in Brookline, MA on May 29, 1917. He served in the Navy, and then continued his family’s political legacy by becoming a US Congressman and Senator. He defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon in the 1960 presidential election to become the 35th President of the United States in 1961. Kennedy’s time in office was marked by high tensions with the Soviet Union and other communists states during the Cold War. Domestically, Kennedy created the Peace Corps and supported the Civil Rights Movement. He was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963.